How to improve student reading skills in class

How to improve student reading skills in class

Here are a few approaches you can try, no matter which grade level you teach.

Existing knowledge can be built upon

Lack of background knowledge is one of the most significant barriers to reading comprehension.

Ask students to write down or explain their knowledge of the solar system when you are reading a text on astronomy. Students can easily gain insights by answering quick questions or completing a KWL chart (Know, Want to Know, Learned).

Before you begin reading the text, make sure that all students are on the same page. It helps students make inferences, and connect the text to things they know. This level the playing field for prior knowledge.

Key ideas: Identify them and summarize them

Summarizing text after students have read it can help them to grasp the main points of the text and retain more information.

When you first introduce the concept of summarization to students, use leading questions, and a structure that is specific -- length, main points, etc. Model good summarization skills using the "I do/we do/you do" format.

While you are modeling the practice, show students:

Separate facts and opinions

Extra information can help you find key ideas

Important words and phrases

Look up words they don't know

Students will improve their reading comprehension by learning how to summarize automatically.

Online resources

Reading is not just limited to real life anymore, thanks to the Internet. You can use a variety of resources in the classroom to help kids develop their reading comprehension skills.

The Prodigy English Adventure is a new adventure that introduces children to a world full of adventures, wishes, and ways to enjoy reading.

The game-based platform of this app encourages students by asking them questions about reading and language that are aligned with the curriculum to gain more energy. After gaining energy, players can collect resources in an ever-growing universe, create items, earn coin and build their own village.

Encourage your children to read

You should encourage students to read, and this is especially important if you're tutoring or teaching children. It will be easier to develop reading comprehension and build a solid foundation for them.

Tell them about the books you recommend (according to age) and encourage your students to read it.

Q&A Sessions

If and when your students have read the books that you recommended, you should arrange an in-depth session to ask and answer their questions. During this session, you can discuss important or minor parts of the books. You will be able to gauge their reading comprehension level. The discussion will also help keep the book in their minds.

Surround them with Books

If you want to help your students develop reading comprehension, surround them as much as possible with books. You won't be capable of doing this alone, as a teacher or tutor, but you could ask their parents for help. You can also use book references to encourage them to read.

Create reading goals

Set reading goals for the classroom and encourage each student to set their own personal reading goal. Each student can choose their own story or topic and then set a reading goal. Students can practice their reading comprehension while setting goals they enjoy.

Students should review their reading goals every week, and set a new one once the initial goal has been reached. Asking questions like: Was the text easy to understand? What helped you to understand the topic better? What was confusing about the text? Did you reach your reading goal?


Divide a lengthy segment into smaller chunks.

You may purchase the best books for them, but they may not finish the book. This could lead to aversions towards reading in some children. You can start by asking them to only read portions. Divide the book's reading into pages, chapters or paragraphs to encourage your child to read. You will see an improvement in your child's reading, comprehension or vocabulary.


Listen to your child as you read together: correct them as necessary.

Reading can be a great way to build a bond with your child. It can be fun to read with your child and correct their mistakes. It is important to give your child feedback, but in a manner that doesn't undermine their self-confidence and self-esteem. You can gently encourage them to read longer by listening to their favorite characters or moments in their favorite books.


Select stories that are relevant to their interests.

You can personalize your child's learning by asking them about their favorite topics, characters and books. There are many good books available, but it is important that your child enjoys the stories. They will read books as long as they like the stories.

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